Asthma & Allergies

Asthma & Allergies
For children in and around Ridgewood, New Jersey dealing with asthma or allergies, Dr. Ghavami offers the most effective treatments to eliminate frustrating symptoms. At Comprehensive Pediatric Care, Dr. Ghavami helps patients find relief from coughing, sneezing, congestion, and itchy nose and eyes.

Asthma & Allergies Q & A

by Zia Ghavami, M.D.

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic lung condition in which the child's air passageway is narrowed caused by inflammation. Those with asthma frequently experience coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, and shortness of breath. In most cases, coughing occurs early in the morning and in the evening. When an irritant is breathed in by a child with asthma, the muscles in the airway can constrict, and the inflammation gets worse. Additional narrowing of the airways develops when cells produce a thick mucus. When each of these effects buildups together, asthma symptoms can make breathing very difficult.

What are allergies?

Allergies develop a result of an over exaggerated immune response. They begin when a substance in the air or environment, called an allergen, enters the child’s body either through consuming it, breathing it in, or touching it. When an allergen reacts with a child, he or she has an irregular or aggravated immune response. Allergies frequently present with symptoms including:

  • Coughing
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Itchy, runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal and/or sinus congestion
  • Hives
  • Rashes
  • Feeling fatigued or ill

Food and insect allergies can cause other symptoms as well, such as cramps, nausea and vomiting, localized swelling, and pain.

What treatments are used for asthma or allergies?

In most cases, Dr. Ghavami uses two types of medications help treat children with asthma symptoms: long-term medications and rescue, or quick-relief, medications. Inhalers are commonly used to treat asthma and can provide relief from inflammation and irritation. These inhaled medications will usually be a form of steroid. Rescue inhalers are created to treat the severe asthma symptoms which come on suddenly. Medications prescribed by Dr. Ghavami to help with allergy symptoms include:

  • Antihistamines and decongestants- these assist in relieving sneezing, itching, and congestion
  • Nasal sprays- these clear the nasal passages
  • Eye Drops- used to treat itchy, inflamed, and watery eyes
  • Allergy Shots- lessen the symptoms by helping the body to manage its immune response

To get help for child’s allergies or asthma symptoms, contact the office today to schedule a consultation.

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